Tieck, Johann Ludwig - Wake Not the Dead
Johann Ludwig Tieck (May 31, 1773 – April 28, 1853) was a German poet, translator, editor, novelist, and critic, who was part of the Romantic movement of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
Tieck was born in Berlin, the son of a rope-maker. Educated at the Berlin Gymnasium and the Universities of Halle, Erlangen and Gottingen, Tieck immediately took up a literary career.
Typical of early German Romanticism, his first novel, Die Geschichte des Herrn William Lovell (1795 3 Vols) was well-received. In 1797, he published the five-act tragedy, Karl von Berneck, and a collection of fairy tales, Volksmarchen. Volksmarchen contained one of Tieck's most memorable short novels, Fair Eckbert, which won much critical acclaim. Some of his other early plays include Leben und Tod der helligen Genoveva (1800), Kaiser Octavianus (1804) and Phantasus (1812-16).
Tieck also translated a number of works into German including Shakespeare's The Tempest and Don Quixote. From 1825 to 1842, Tieck held the post of adviser and critic at the Dresden Theatre. During this period, he produced some 40 short novels. His other works include Franz Sternbalds Wanderungen (1798), Dichterlieben (1826-31) and The Roman Matron (1840).
"Wake Not the Dead" (a.k.a "Bride of the Grave") was was written in 1800 and is absolutely the first vampire prose story (and would have had the honor of being the first vampire story in English, beating out Polidori's "The Vampyre" (1819) for the honour if someone had translated Tieck's story prior to 1823.
In later years Tieck carried on a varied literary activity as critic (Dramaturgische Blätter, 2 vols., 1825-1826; Kritische Schriften, 2 vols., 1848); he also edited the translation of Shakespeare by August Wilhelm Schlegel, who was assisted by Tieck's daughter Dorothea (1790-1841) and by Wolf Heinrich, Graf von Baudissin (1789-1878); Shakespeares Vorschule (2 vols., 1823-1829); the works of Heinrich von Kleist (1826) and of Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz (1828).
In 1841 Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia invited him to Berlin where he enjoyed a pension for his remaining years.